What is Corruption and How to Fight it?

March 19th, 2013

What is Corruption and How to Fight it?

What is Corruption and How to Fight it?

 

SUBJECT: What is Corruption and How to Fight it?

DATE-PLACE: 19 March 2013, American Corner in Tirana

PARTICIPANTS:

Academics of the department of International Relations and Political Science and Master and Final Year Students of the department as well as other interested people met at the American corner in the National Library of Tirana in this week. (Total participants: 22)

BACKGROUND INFORMATION:

One of the EU homework given to the ALBANIA, as a condition to get the candidate status has been preventing corruption. The topic was regarding a present day problem especially in Albania, such as that of corruption.

The discussion began with a short introduction and history from Dr. Bekir CINAR, about the corruption in the past. After that, Dr. Salih OZCAN, gave his own speech based on some diagrams showing the rate of corruption in some countries. Albania and Kosovo was ranked as the most corrupted countries in Balkans. The separation of sectors, the public and private one, was an important point in our discussion.

This week the guest speaker was Dr. Fabian Zhilla lecturer from Canadian Institute of Technology. He talked about the use of public office for private gains. He stated that corruption, without any doubt in every aspect is wrong however not always is seen as negative.

Corruption offers people to move up. Somehow people are corrupted because they want to be socialized, not for profits but for engaging with each other in society. It helps governments to substitute the salaries, by doing that they try to keep the society in order and avoid social revolutions. Also another interesting point was that people decide between law and friendship, they choose friendship rather than paying attention to the law. For people friendship is more precious. Dr. Fabian Zhilla emphasized that in Albania the judiciary system is the most corrupted sector. Without improving the judiciary which is the heart of the system is impossible to improve the culture of corruption among people. We need to look at judiciary to fight the corruption in all the societies not only in Albania, since societies have based the success in the ‘’Justice’’.

DISCUSSIONS:

After Dr. Fabian Zhilla left, the students had their own opinions about the topic and gave their ideas on how to fight the corruption. Some stated that the lack of a strong economy, and the political system lead to corruption. Some others argued that the problem lied at the culture and tradition of Albanians. However the fight against corruption should start within the family, schools, universities and then the state.

INQUARY:

Before forum, each participant answered the questions on their views for corruption. Mr. Soygeniş will explain the results of the inquiry at our following forum.

CONCLUSION:

After a very nice discussion and ideas between students and professors, the debate was closed with Mr. Ismail SOYGENIS. He argued that the problem of corruption is deeper than it seems. There are undirected, invisible hands, behind the corruption. To sum up, the situation is not as superficial as it may seem. After finishing the debate the students left the library happy, with new knowledge’s in their studies.  

Reporter: Klajda Allajbeu - PIR IV

Coordinator: İ.SOYGENİŞ