PhD Course Descriptions

April 7th, 2016

RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES (PIR 801)

This course will be divided into two parts. One is ‘Study Skill’ and the other is ‘research methods’. We thought that it is important for students who would like to write an academic paper in English (rather than their mother tongue language) to gain considerable amount of knowledge about study skills.

This course seeks to ensure that all students become able to use appropriate research methods on their studies. Further, the course will provide key research methods as well as studies skill tools as preparing bibliography, citation, quotation. In addition, the students’ attention will be drawn into ethical and legal issues to dissertation writing skills which are one of the important areas of academic studies.

The course will inform the students to navigate the information resources in their studies which guide them how to use of library, databases and archives, the WWW, and electronically available sources.  Consequently, the course will equip the students with what they need while they are conducting academic research and producing an academic essay, report, paper and book.

POLITICAL THEORY (PIR 811)

The Module of Political Theory will cover all of political theories from the time of Aristotle to 2010.  The module will discuss the classical ideas such as the state, freedom, equality, justice and classical ideologies namely liberalism, conservatism, socialism and as well as contemporary ideologies such as feminism, multiculturalism, fundamentalism and ecologism. Further, the module will attempt to focus on democracy and democratization process in the world and the contribution of Muslim and Eastern scholars to the western political ideas and ideologies.  Consequently, the module will enhance not only understanding of students but also it will develop their ability to formulate current problem within frame work of political theory.

DEMOCRACY: THEORY AND PRACTICE (PIR 815)

The purpose of this course is to provide students with knowledge of and insights into the development of democracies. The students will acquire an understanding of the relationship between democracy and general theories of government and they will get an insight into the different definitions of democracy. They will obtain a broad knowledge of the historical development of democratic institutions and will be able to critically discuss issues related to democracy in the modern world.

WORLD POLITICS  (PIR 821)

This course examines various theoretical, historical and contemporary perspectives on world politics. Topics include international peace and security, international political economy, and global economic and social issues such as the environment, human rights, international migration, poverty, and international public health. Throughout the course, we will focus on several overarching questions: How do both states and non-state actors shape world politics? To what extent are relations among states in the international system characterized by conflict and rivalry? Why do disagreements sometimes escalate to the point of war? What conditions impede cooperation among states, and what factors foster global cooperation? To what extent do non-state actors challenge the power and effectiveness of states in world politics? What are the primary obstacles to promote peace, cooperation, prosperity and human well-being in contemporary world politics?

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY (PIR 825)

This seminar provides M.A. and Ph.D. students with an overview of key concepts and approaches in the subfield of international relations theory. The first two sessions introduce the subject matter and provide an overview of “meta” debates concerning philosophy of science and methodology. The rest of the course focuses on the dominant approaches to international relations, including realism (classical, neo-, and neo-classical), liberalism (classical, neo-, and neo-liberal institutionalism), constructivism, the English school, decision-making, game theory, neo-Marxism, and post-modernism.

COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES ON THE BALKAN COUNTRIES (PIR 835)

Fifteen years after the collapse of the communist regimes in Balkan, the post-communist states have evolved into vastly different polities. Some have joined NATO and the European Union, while others still oscillate between semi-authoritarian and semi democratic governance,  and a few have reverted to full-blown repression. In this course, we will explore the unprecedented "triple transition" in national identities, political institutions and economic systems that resulted from this systemic breakdown. While due attention will be paid to the main historical developments, the focus of this course will be on theoretical attempts to explain the different developmental trajectories upon which the post-communist states have Embarked.

INTERNATIONAL LAW (PIR 843)

This is an introductory survey course in international law (IL), designed primarily for those who have not previously studied the subject.  The course is organized into three parts.  The first part of the course offers a general introduction to international law, asking whether and to what extent international law is “really law,” examining international-relations approaches to IL in political science, and surveying theoretical approaches from legal scholarship.  The second section of the course examines general principles of international law, including the key actors, the creation and sources of international law, the interpretation of international law by courts and tribunals, the problem of enforcement, and the relationship between international and national (or “municipal” law).  In the third and final part of the course, we examine selected specialized areas of international law, including human rights law, environmental law, economic law, and the laws of war.  

DEMOCRATIZATION IN THE EUROPE (PIR 833)

This course explores the collapse of communist rule in 1989, and the reaction of international institutions to the challenges of democratization, economic transition, ethnic conflict and European integration in an undivided Europe. As background, we will study the condition of states, nations and ethnic minorities in Eastern Europe before and during the Second World War. We will also study the nature of communist rule in Eastern Europe, of Soviet hegemony in the communist bloc, and of European integration in Western Europe during the Cold War. So prepared, we will explore the tremendous changes that have taken place in Europe since 1989. The post-communist states of Eastern Europe have embarked on sweeping domestic reforms aiming to create liberal democratic states with functioning market economies. The international institutions of Western Europe have struggled to adapt and to respond to the new challenges of an undivided Europe, and to support these reforms.  Most dramatically, the European Union now has many new members, candidates and protocandidates from formerly communist lands. EU enlargement is probably the most successful democracy promotion program ever implemented by an international actor. Most tragically, the building of a peaceful, democratic and prosperous Europe has been severely marred by ethnic cleansing and war in the former Yugoslavia. The two overarching questions at hand are: (1) How can we explain the great variation in the nature of political change in East European states after 1989?; and (2) What role have international institutions and other international actors played in shaping the course of this change? More broadly, what determines the utility of international organizations or other international actors in preventing conflict and promoting democratization and economic revitalization?

EUROPEAN SECURITY AND DEFENSE (PIR 863)

This course introduces a sub-field of International Relations and European Studies known shortly ESD. (EFSP) In the Western universities this course needs some prerequisites such as Introduction to International Relations, Introduction to European Integration or Introduction to EU. If you think to go European Country for Ph.D. this course is used as “obligatory” at most universities.  

In this course the European Union’s search for a new and stronger role in international security and defense issues is examined. The development of the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the Union, it’s institutional and decision- making mechanisms are evaluated in detail. EU’s relations with other international organizations like the UN, NATO and OSCE are assessed. European Security and Defense Policy, its elements, objectives, past and future, Maastricht Treaty, European Political and Defense Communities, European Army, Eufor-Concordia, European Rapid Reaction Force and European Conflicts and solution institutions will be examined.

Lecture and power - point presentations, Research papers on related subjects in order to support the lectures are used as some additional teaching methods.

COMPARATIVE POLITICS (PIR 814)

Comparative politics involves the systematic study and comparison of the world’s political systems. It seeks to explain differences, as well as similarities, among countries. Further, it looks for trends, for changes in patterns, and it tries to develop general propositions or hypotheses to describe or explain these trends.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM (PIR 826)

Terrorism as a political tool used against almost all nations of the world is examined in this course as are known terrorist groups throughout the world, including militant religious groups, religious zealotry, and political movements. The Middle East is examined in great detail.

NATO IN THE 21ST CENTURY (PIR 830)

This course explores the history and the current state of political, economic and cultural relations between the United States and Europe. Ever since the end of the World War II, the cooperative relationship between these two parts of the world, often described as „the West“, has been a bedrock of international stability, security and prosperity. After the end of the Cold War, this relationship has undergone changes, along with the whole system of international relations. Recently, on both sides of the Atlantic, the talk has been about a crisis of the Euro-American relationship. We will examine the validity of these claims, the causes of the current problems and possible ways of overcoming them. Throughout, we will emphasize the overwhelming nature of common values and interests on both sides of the ocean as well as the risks stemming from a potential rift for both Europe and America. We will examine the compatibility of current European and U.S. policies with respect to third countries or regions, such as Russia, China and the Middle East. We will also analyze the specific role played in this relationship by countries of Central and Eastern Europe as relative newcomers to democracy, to the Atlantic Alliance and to European Union.

DEMOCRATIZATION PROCESS IN THE BALKAN COUNTRIES (PIR 838)

This residentially based course is designed to provide basic knowledge about the geography, history, ethnicity and cultural complexity of the Balkan peninsula. Its objective is to enable students to better understand the origins of Balkan post-communist nationalism and the nature of the ongoing political crisis. The course combines three interrelated approaches: a) a historical survey of the Balkan region explaining the rise of all Balkan national states (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Romania, Slovenia, Turkey, Yugoslavia = Serbia and Montenegro) and various ethnic nationalities, b) sociological and economical analysis of the whole region stressing potential resources and weak points in respective countries, and c) geo-strategic discussion of the present political situation focusing on the causes and consequences of the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia. The underlying idea of the course is to find out what are the implications of Balkan inter-ethnic conflicts for the new world order and international security. 

POLITICS OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION (PIR 844)

This is a research seminar aiming at the integration of the European Union including its politics and current institutions from the beginning of the integration process from 1950s when the EU was originally

Founded. Since then many things have changed including its original treaties and conventions. Today, many is talking about a super European state rather than an international organisation that has 28 members, a "constitution," and the EU already has a quasi-constitutional court, as well as a parliament, organized along party lines.

Is the EU thus a state in the making? How might we understand the current politics and policies of the European Union as well as the historical process that led to it?

This seminar will examine a range of theoretical perspectives that might help us explain the EU and the process of European integration. Thus, the classics of integration theory and the state formation theory will be examined Further, readings focus on the history and current institutions of the EU and cover a few key policy areas in general; for the research papers, student should conduct empirical analyses of a particular aspect of the process of European integration or analyses of EU politics in a specific issue area.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS (PIR 860)

In this course, we will examine the origins, designs, and effects of international institutions. We will study many different types of institutions, from intergovernmental institutions like the UN, the WTO, and NATO; to supranational institutions like the EU and the ICC; from \soft" institutions like international law and norms of behavior; to transnational institutions like advocacy networks, multinational corporations, and terrorist organizations. The course explores the institutional structures, political processes, and impact of international organizations within three issue areas: international peace and security, and global trade and development, and transnational politics such as human rights and the environment.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, POLICY ANALYSIS AND INDUSTRIALIZATION (PIR 882)

This course will provide an introduction to some of the political and economic problems of the developing or "Third World." We will discuss some of the reasons that some countries may be less developed, some of the obstacles to development, and some of the policies that are being used to address these problems. Development is a term which is difficult to define, and in keeping with the multidisciplinary structure of the course, we will be approaching the problems of development from not only political or economic starting points, but also from cultural and ethical points of view.

POLITICAL ECONOMY OF WESTERN EUROPE (PIR 884)

This course will provide a graduate level introduction to the study of comparative

political economy. A central objective of the course is to explore the different ways that states and markets have been organized, justified, and transformed over time and across nations. The first weeks of the course will emphasize the philosophical groundings of distinct state and market systems.