Head of PIR department, Assist.Prof.Dr. Salih Ozcan's Conference Participation
November 6th, 2013
Our Head of Department, Assist.Prof.Dr. Salih Ozcan together with our alumni Gloria Shkurti presented their research titled "Evaluating Democratization in the Balkans Based on the Rule of Law Principle", in the International Balkan Annual Conference 2013, in in Sarajevo-Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This research aimed to analyze the democratization process in the Balkans, focusing more in the rule of law. Even after approximately 23 years of the fall of communism, some of the Balkan states are perceived by their people as ‘pretty miserable’ (The Economist, 2012). In many states such as in the case of Albania, Macedonia, etc, the consolidation of democracy is making adverse steps.
The process of democratization in itself is very broad and includes many sub-processes such as elections, rule of law, freedom of expression, associational autonomy, etc. For the sake of this paper, it will be focused on the rule of law in terms of the Balkans states. By Balkan states in this research are meant: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Romania and Serbia. Accordingly, there will be given a general picture with the main challenges in regard to the rule of law, to conclude at the end with a short comparison in between these states.
Rule of Law is considered to be the cornerstone and a vital pillar in the democratization process. Moreover it is seen as a buffer element to ensure the “balance between the power of democratic legislature and the force of the transition-based doctrine” (Raz, 1994, p. 361). For this reason, in order to understand better the democratization process in Balkan states, there will be assessed their performance in terms of Rule of Law. The latter itself may include different aspects and it makes it difficult to be analyzed. For this reason, this research will be based on the last report of the World Justice Project, Rule of Law Index 2012.